Our energy systems are already changing: the energy related services needed for our well-being are provided with increasingly less energy because of increases in energy productivity. Together with breakthrough technologies as the electrification of transport and electro-chemical storage devices the vision of low-energy and low-carbon energy systems is materializing.
Sheikh Yamani, a former Saudi oil minister summarized these insights in in an interview with the Daily Telegraph on Jun24, 2000: “ The Stone Age did not end for lack of stone, and the Oil Age will end long before the world runs out of oil.”
Searching for credible answers
How these transitions will evolve and how they can be stimulated is the core of ongoing research. Many answers that were already given turned out being immature.
New tools for analyzing the long-run transition options are based on a deepened analysis of the structure of energy systems, with at leas three essential characteristics: the focus of energy related services, the full energy value chain needed for providing these services, and the role of capital stocks that determine the productivity of energy flows.
Fathoming for a deepened understanding of energy systems
Impact Assessment for Energy and Climate Strategies
A deepened structural framework
Angela Köppl and Stefan P. Schleicher
Sustainability 2018, 10, 2537; doi:10.3390/su10072537
Energy Strategy and Energy Union
International Energy Agency (IEA)
World Economic Outlook
Bloomberg New Energy Finance
New Energy Outlook 2018
International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Renewable Energy Market Analysis: GCC 2019
Rocky Mountain Institute
Areas of Innovation
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